Diseases and Disorders

Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a condition affecting the center of the retina called the macula.
Bulging Eyes
Bulging eyes, or proptosis, occurs when one or both eyes protrude from the eye sockets due to space taking lesions such as swelling of the muscles, fat, and tissue behind the eye.
Cataracts
Cataracts are a degenerative form of eye disease in which the lens gradually becomes opaque and vision mists over.
Cataracts In Babies
In rare cases, children develop cataracts at birth (congenital cataracts) and infancy.
CMV Retinitis
CMV Retinitis is a serious infection of the retina that often affects people with AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and that may also affect people with other immune disorders.
Colour blindness
Colour blindness is not actually blindness in the true sense but rather is a colour vision deficiency—people who are affected by it simply do not agree with most other people about colour matching.
Crossed eyes (Strabismus)
Crossed eyes (or strabismus) occur when a person's eyes are not able to align on the same point at the same time, and appear to be misaligned or pointed in different directions.
Diabetic Macular Edema
Diabetic Macular Edema, DME, is caused by fluid accumulation in the macula. Patients with DME typically experience blurred vision which can be severe.
Eye Floaters and Eye Flashes
Floaters are small specks or clouds that move across your field of vision—especially when you are looking at a bright, plain background, like a blank wall or a cloudless blue sky.
Eyelid Twitching
Sometimes your eyelid simply twitches.
Glaucoma
Glaucoma occurs when a build-up of fluid in the eye creates pressure, damaging the optic nerve.
Keratoconus
When the cornea in the front of the eye, which normally is dome-shaped, becomes thin and cone shaped.
Lazy Eye
Commonly known as lazy eye, amblyopia is poor vision in an eye that appears normal but does not receive adequate use during early childhood.
Low Vision
Low vision is a loss of eyesight not correctable with ordinary glasses or contact lenses that makes everyday tasks difficult.
Ocular Hypertension
Ocular hypertension is an increase in pressure in the eye that is above the range considered normal.
Retinal Detachment

A vision-threatening condition where the light sensitive membrane in the back of the eye, the retina peels away from underlying tissues that provide oxygen and nourishment. When the retina detaches, light sensitive membrane in the back of the eye becomes separated from the supporting tissue and blood supply underneath it.

Uveitis
Uveitis is the inflammation of the inside of the eye, specifically affecting the uvea which is the middle layer of the eye rich in blood vessels that lies beneath the white of the eye (sclera).